The area of the Vega Baja is a vast territory north of the historic center with more than fifty hectares. Nearly horizontal space, bounded on its left by the Tagus River and the north and east through the hills surrounding the city for this area, and has historically been the area of urban expansion and the natural outlet of the city toward the North (Olmos and path of the current road Valladolid Ávila) and west (Talavera path and Merida).
La Vega Baja Toledo has traditionally been held occupying an area of cultural, residential and production that have changed over the centuries. Time and space that make up the culture of the city of Toledo. From the Bronze Age and the Roman era is essentially an occupation that will leave evidence of their presence and their activity. The presence of the Visigoths in the city and the Islamic occupation leave their mark on this vast territory. When Alfonso VI conquering the city, the area will be the location of churches and convents. The agriculture and livestock will benefit from a fertile ground as the floor of the valley. In the eighteenth century to occupy the space next to the River Arms Factory. In the mid-nineteenth century farm will use the space will remain empty and the reference of its archaeological and scenic values.
Excavations in the area in recent years, confirm the existence of a unique archaeological structure. The work of the various teams of professionals who have studied this archaeological heritage seriously, just confirming the interest and the need to deepen their knowledge and conservation. His work in the initial stages of the project Vega Baja, has been essential to know and evaluate the existing assets there, and that his statement has provoked a site of cultural interest, with the category of archaeological site.
The excavations carried out so far are showing a double reality: the existence of a large urban structure and the presence of evidence of their activity. The structures of walls, floors and constructive elements reveal the presence of residential buildings, public buildings and larger paving roads, that is an urban structure. A city where you can see the complexity of different times, overlays, changes and modifications that the archaeological study should document and confirm. The materials included in the excavation are revealing the existence of an active society that we know of some aspects. The weight, scales and coins talk about their economy and their power and organization.
The ceramic pieces tell us more time and the activity of the community living in this space. Other elements, such as the golden cross, the lid of the chest with images on the well give us a reference for social and political power at the time and its organizational structure. The scientific study of material culture continued throughout the next few years will be possible to define hypotheses on this site which we view as essential in the history of the city of Toledo.
Coupled with an area's history and culture of the city of Toledo as such should be investigated and sustained.